Namwala District Profile
The vision of the District is to be a prosperous and sustainable district in the Nation by 2030.
To sufficiently and effectively provide high quality and equitable public services to ensure sustainable integral human development.
To effectively provide high quality and equitable public services to ensure sustainable infrastructure and Human development by 2030.
- Namwala District shares its boundaries with Monze (South-East), Choma (South), Kalomo (South) and Itezhi-tezhi District (North-West).
- It is located 170 km North West of Choma District and 158km from Monze. About a quarter of its traditional land is covered by the plain that stretches from a point beyond Kafue Road Bridge in Kafue District to Itezhi-Itezhi dam.
- It covers an estimated total area of about 10,000 square Kilometres and lies between latitudes 15 and 17 degrees south of the equator and longitude 25 and 27 degrees East.
General Physical Characteristics
The district is divided into three ecological zones namely: –
–The Kafue basin covering the Southern bank with heavy alluvial clay soils. The average annual rainfall is 800mm.
–Semi-arid zone covering Ngabo and Baambwe. The soils are generally light brown to grey silt or sandy loam (covering the Central part of the District) and, the annual range of rainfall is 600-1000mm.
–The plateau zone covering Mbeza, Nakamboma, Muchila and Chitongo areas. The soils are generally rich red clay/red-brown loams. The annual range of rainfall is 800-1100mm.
- Most of the land is flat but slightly slants towards the Kafue River basin.
- The altitude of the district is between 1,100 and 1,300 m above sea level
- There are three types of vegetation, namely closed forests, open forest or woodland and grassland.
- A closed forest is a two-storied forest with a closed canopy whereas an open forest has an open canopy. A grassland is a land which is naturally without trees and is found in places with a permanently high water table
- The main river is the Kafue and has a braided channel of the Kafue called Namwala River. The later comes out of the Kafue and joins it again.
- These are the main sources of water for drinking for both humans and animals. The other usages of the two rivers are for gardening and as a source of fish.
- The rivers and plains give the district great potential for irrigation on a large scale.
- The rivers worth mentioning are Chitongo and Mbeza, which are seasonal.
- The 2010 population census result shows a figure of 101,589 with an annual growth rate of 2.2%.
- The majority of the population is concentrated in major settlement areas of the District such as Namwala town, Kabulamwanda, Muchila, Maala, Mbeza, Chitongo, Kantengwa, Ichila, Baambwe, Ndema and Itapa.
|Ward No||Ward Name||Males||Females||Total||House Hold||Above 18|
- Namwala District is accessible through Monze, Pemba, Choma and Itezhi-tezhi. Choma is 170 Km away from Namwala and the road is good (upgraded to bituminous standard).
- Monze to Namwala through Nieko is approximately 158 Km and the road is also being upgraded to bituminous standard.
- Itezhi-tezhi to Namwala which covers a stretch of about 60 Km is a gravel road. It provides a shorter route for tourists from Livingstone to Kafue National Park. It crosses the Kafue river and has an embankment which has clay soil making it impassable in the rain season.
- Namwala District has one (1) first level hospital, Twelve (12) Health Centres, and six (6) Health Posts. It also has sixty (60) Neighborhood health committees.
- With the population 101,589, the health facilities currently carter for 7,567 people per health centre against the standard 10,000 people per health centre.
- The optimum level of staff houses in the sector is 187.
- The current number of staff houses is 47.
- This implies there is a deficiency of 140 houses.
- The District hospital currently has one (1) Doctor.
- The District has 5 secondary schools out of which one (1) is a technical Secondary school.
- There are 45 Primary/Basic Schools and 38 Community Schools.
|Service||Target||Population without service||Percentage of population without|
|Desks for pupils||14,860 desks||24,275 Pupils||71.45%|
|Classrooms||598 classrooms||17,200 pupils||68.03%|
|VIP Latrines for pupils||1003 VIP||20,060 pupils||71.44%|
|Teachers||342 teachers||13,680 pupils||59.12%|
|Staff Houses||342 Teachers houses||342teachers||59.79%|
Economic Activities/ Agriculture
- Agriculture is the main economic activity in Namwala district.
- About 90% of the district inhabitants depend on Agriculture for their livelihood.
- This sector is equally the major employer in the district.
- These farmers are predominantly smallholder farmers cultivating less than 5 hectares of the crop (mostly Maize) and are the target group for the ministry.
- In the past 5 years, most small-scale farmers have continued to produce the common or traditional crops of southern province and these include the staple crop maize and legumes like groundnuts, cowpeas, soya beans and sugar beans.
- Cash crops like Rice, cotton and sunflower.
- Tuber crops like cassava and sweet potatoes and other cereals like sorghum.
- The commercial farmers mostly concentrate on the crops with a good market and favourable selling price
|S/N||SEASON||ESTIMATED MAIZE PRODUCTION (MT)||RAINFALL RECEIVED(mm)||No. RAIN DAYS|
Maize Crop production and weather for Namwala District in the past 5 Season
- The Fish in Namwala mainly comes from the Kafue and Namwala rivers.
- The District also has 5 dams which supplement to the harvest namely (Baambwe, Matinti, Kabulamwanda, Kaabwe and Makaba).
- The fish types include the red-breasted bream, Green-headed bream, Nile Tilapia, Three spotted bream, Tilapia Sparrmanii, Barbel fish, silverfish, Chitaka etc.
- The District is popularly known for its massive production of livestock especially cattle.
- Most of them use the traditional/small scale management system.
- About 80% per cent of the cattle is owned by men.
- There is very minimal supplementary feeding.
|Type of livestock||Population
As of 2015
|Use of livestock|
|Cattle||139,945||Draught power, milk selling, lobola, funerals & source of income|
|Goats||42,640||Source of income|
|Sheep||2,098||Source of income|
|Pigs||45,042||Source of income|
|Chickens||195,359||Source of income|
|Donkeys||657||Draught power & source of income|
Types of Livestock, Population and Use
Housing/ Land Administration
- The total planning area approved in 1962 is 8,093,713 square metres (809 ha).
- 60% of this area is planned while the remaining 40% is unplanned but occupied.
- The Council requested for extension of the township boundary which was granted by His Royal Highness Chief Mukobela.
- The total area allocated for extension is 3,798,986.646 square metres (380 ha)
- About 70% of this area is already developed informally.
- The Department of Physical Planning and Housing was here to start planning and facilitate the upgrading of the unplanned settlements in the new area.
- Namwala District like other Districts in the province has a shortage of decent accommodation for residential, commercial, Industrial and social use.
- The township (Planning area) has approximately 650 structures of which about 70% are for residential use.
- To date, about 1,300 plots have been created and allocated in the township.
Areas of comparative advantage
- Livestock Production
–Potential to process hides into leather for leather products
–Potential to process milk into products like yoghurt, cheese
–Potential to process hooves into glue
–Potential in meat processing
- Fish Production
–Potential to package sell at a higher value
- Timber production
–Potential to process and make furniture at a higher scale
–Marketing of traditional ceremonies
–Commercialization and marketing of the scenic beauty (River and plains)
–Marketing of the Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula burial site
–Improvement of the Namwala Itezhi-tezhi road as an alternative and shorter route to Kafue National Park from Livingstone