MONZE DISTRICT

Introduction

•Monze is one of the 13 Districts in Southern Province
•Situated along the GNR/Railway route –approx. 200 km from Lusaka and 300 km from Livingstone
•It shares boundaries with Mazabuka, Gwembe, Pemba and Namwala Districts

Historical Background

The first white man (on record) to reach Monze before the railway line was Dr.David Livingstone
•Monze Town started as a Railway siding when the railway reached it around 1905 with a Railway Station house as the first building
•White men built a post office at the current MachipisaStore and a clinic at the current Mother’s Shelter
•The Chiefs Appeal Court was later moved to Kanchombaaround 1949 and the separation of traditional leadership meant Chief Monze taking Six Chiefs
•Monze was a sub-centre of Mazabuka District, which ran from Kafue to Choma
•The First Sub -Domain Monze was at Sinaluchaba[St. Mary’s], and then it was relocated to Magoyenear the railway station
•It became a district around the early 1970s when it got its own Commissioner

District Physical Profile

District Hydrological Profile

The district is surrounded by two river basins namely:
•Zambezi River Basin
•Kafue River
•The main water bodies are Kafue and MagoyeRivers and other small streams
•Poor Physical characteristics (sloping westerly) contributes to poor water retention –hence most streams are seasonal
•There are 202 Dams (including Weirs) dotted across the 22 wards of the district
•Challenge of silting makes most of the dams unusable during dry periods

Rain seasons are characterized by poor distribution except for 2016/17
This left much of the district 133 water infrastructures(dams), six(6) weirs and the streams drying up before the next rain season
Agricultural production is therefore unpredictable and not sustainable
POTENTIAL: investment required in water infrastructure development and irrigation systems as this will minimize
drought risks
increase food production/security
stable household income

District Demographic Profile

Population –195, 921 (CSO, 2010)
•Health Est –217, 971 (DHO, 2017)
•Male –96, 141: Female –99, 780
•58.6% of the population is below 18years
•Monze Central has the highest population at 108, 671, followed by Bweengwaat 57, 705 and Moomba at 29, 545
•Average population density is about 39.5 persons/km2.

District Situation Analysis

Economic Activities

Monze is predominantly an Agricultural District
Livestock Farming
Beef: With the second highest animal cattle population(after Namwala) at 155, 058 herds (Av. 35 slaughtered/day)
Dairy: Highest milk producer at approx. 2, 500 litres/day (excluding other satellite Collection centres)
Goats/Sheep–74, 078/3, 199
Pigs –10, 027
Local Chickens –158, 469
District has 20 Veterinary camps, 150 dip tanks (only are 78 functional)

Crop Farming

Monze’scropfarmingisdiversewiththefollowingmajorcropsgrown:
Maizewhichisastaplefood,
CowPeas,
GroundNuts,
SweetPotatoes,
Sunflower,
Cotton, and
SoyaBeans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fish Farming

Fish Farming is not exploited in the district despite the ever-increasing consumer demand
About 9,000 tonnes of fish are harvested from Mansangu Fisheries Annually
About 450 tonnes from Lochnivar
About 200 tonnes from Lake Kariba through Gwembe

Fish from Kafue Flats (Lochnivar)

Bee Keeping is also an emerging Economic Activity in the district whose potential is yet to be exploited fully
•The district has 2,903 beekeepers and is currently the highest producer of honey in the Province
•Production skyrocketed from 2,808 litres in 2014, and 3,030 litres(2015) to16606 litres in 2016
•There are 703 modern hives and 1,819 bark hives
•The district has a Bulking Centre at Chiyumu Primary School though need for at least 2 more centres at Siyatontola and Mapeyo (ChiefChonaPalace)
Available Markets: Sold raw, mostly to Lusaka
Value addition can increase income for farmers and create jobs for local people

Othereconomicactivitiesinclude:

Public Sector Employment which is the major employer (Education, Agriculture, Health, Police,e.t.c)
Trading (largely informal petty trading market traders)
Private Sector Employment which is relatively small.

Health
The District has the following Health Facilities
Monze General Hospital (Recently upgraded)
40 Health Centres (including 11 facilities recently constructed, complete and operational)
3HealthTraining Institutions(1Public and 2Private)
Monze School of Nursing, Rusangu University and Gateway to Better Living Nursing School.

Monze District Competitive Analysis

Transport and Communication
Centrally located –short distances to market
Accessible by Road T1 and Railway Line
Local radio with wide coverage, Zamteloptic fibre

Arable Land

Only 25% of the arable land is under cultivation
Fair to good weather conditions
Generally good to very good soils for farming

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available Raw Materials

Dairy, Beef, Beekeeping, Corn, Fish, organic and solid waste…
Enhancing existing potential

Energy

District currently consuming only 24% of available energy supply (7/29MVA installed capacity) Stable Supply, Long sunny periods, hot spring (thermal),

Local/Regional demand

E.g. Milk consumption in Zambia is at 19litres/person against recommended 200litres same for fish and beef products